Dental bonding, despite its minimal invasiveness, presents the risk of side effects, just as any other dental procedure does. If you're considering bonding to correct chipped, cracked, irregular, misshapen, discolored, gapped or crooked teeth, familiarize yourself with the potential side effects.

Allergic Reaction

Perhaps the most serious of potential side effects of dental bonding, but a relatively rare one, is an allergic reaction. There is first the potential of allergic reaction to the anesthetic agent used to numb the area of your mouth being worked on. However, you will usually exhibit symptoms of this reaction while still in your dentist's or cosmetic specialist's office and will receive immediate treatment.

You may also exhibit an allergic reaction to the material used in the bonding. Epoxy resin, gold and silver amalgam tend to cause the most common allergic reactions, but there are bonding alternatives to these materials should you know about your allergy beforehand. If you didn't know about the allergy, head back to your medical professional immediately should you experience swelling, inflammation, redness, excessive soreness, itchiness or excessive pain in the worked-on area of your mouth or on your skin.

Resin Discoloration

Although the dental bonding should pose no discoloration threat to the surrounding teeth, there is a chance that if you select composite resin, the cheapest of the available materials, the bonding will discolor over a period of a few years. Bonding lasts an average of 3 to 10 years and if you choose the cheapest material, you will have to have it replaced more often, or it will become discolored before its potential structural lifespan is completely spent. Discolored bonding defeats much of the purpose of bonding, which is used to camouflage unsightly teeth.

Chipped or Loose Bonding and Chipped Teeth

If your dentist or medical professional performs the dental bonding procedure correctly, you should not begin to experience loose or chipped bonding until the bonding needs to replaced an average of 5 years after the procedure. However, there is the potential side effect of an ill fit, which will result in chipped and loose bonding much earlier.

If your bonding chips or becomes loose early, you are at greater risk for further chipping or cracking the real teeth to which the bonding is adhered, particularly since they most likely will have been shaved down to make room for the bonding material on top. If you chip your teeth too much, you may need to consider veneers or crowns instead of bonding again. However, this side effect is generally rare if the procedure is performed correctly.

Most potential side effects of dental bonding are either fairly rare or are entirely minor, but it's still important that you know what to expect before you go ahead with the procedure. If you experience any of these side effects, speak with your dentist or cosmetic specialist as soon as possible, particularly if you suspect an allergic reaction.