There are many reasons for having hand surgery, that can range from fracture repairs to carpal tunnel surgery. Whatever the reason for surgery, there can be side effects associated with it. Side effects are usually very minimal with hand surgery. The following are some of the risks to think about when considering hand surgery.


Bad Reaction to Anesthesia

Some people can have a bad reaction to the anesthesia used during surgery. Some of the side effects people may have with anesthesia are nerve damage, infection at the injection site, delayed recovery time, cardiovascular complications or respiratory problems. These side effects can be worse in elderly people and those with health problems. If you or family members have had a bad reaction to anesthesia, you should talk to your doctor and discuss alternatives.


Risk of Infection

As with any surgery, there is always the risk of developing an infection. Infections can be treated easily with the use of antibiotics if they are caught early. If the infection gets too bad, there is an increased risk of nerve and tissue damage which may be permanent. Infections can be greatly reduced if proper wound care is performed.


Loss of Range of Motion in the Hand

There is always the risk that the range of motion can be lost in the hand. The happens if there is too much damage done to the nerves to correct  the problem. Nerve damage can also cause the hand to become numb at all times. This can also happen if the surgeon makes a mistake. Some also develop weakness in the muscle of the hand. This can be fixed by performing muscle strengthening exercises.


The Formation of Blood Clots

Blood clots can form after any type of surgery, but the risks of blood clots forming are greater in orthopedic surgeries. Blood clots usually form within 2 weeks of the surgery. They can travel to the lungs and can be fatal if they are not taken care of. The best way to avoid developing blood clots is to stay active and perform hand exercises to keep the blood from forming clots. Your doctor will give you specific instructions about the type of exercises you will be able to perform.


Incision Pain

Incision pain should only last a few days, as long as the incision is properly taken care of. If the pain continues, worsens, or if the incision site becomes red and inflamed, this may be a sign of infection. If this happens, you should see your doctor immediately to reduce the risk of further complications. Your doctor should prescribe a pain killer to help with incision pain.

There are many reasons for wanting or needing hand surgery. Side effects of having hand surgery are possible, but rarely happen. You should discuss any worries that you may have with your doctor. Every case is different, and the side effects will vary depending on the severity of the damage to the hand and its tissues.