Regardless of the type of cosmetic gum surgery a patient has just undergone, there are some standard rules of care for a comfortable recovery. Most important is following the doctor's instructions and reporting any unusual symptoms. Patients should not smoke, and may need to take antibiotics if they have a compromised immune system or certain heart conditions.

Controlling Pain

Gums may bleed initially, but that should stop after one or two days. Gauze pads may be placed in the mouth that will need to be changed often, and patients may be instructed to use ice or cold packs against their face. The ice packs will also help reduce swelling which, if experienced, should go away after a few days. Any pain can be controlled by prescription or over the counter pain medications. Patients should avoid using aspirin, as it can contribute to excessive bleeding. Some procedures may result in an increased sensitivity to hot and cold, but that should lessen after a few weeks.


It is advised not to suck liquids through a straw for at least 24 hours after cosmetic gum surgery. Patients will probably be instructed to follow a liquid or soft food diet for the first few days.

Don't Forget to Brush

Other instructions include rinsing the mouth with warm salt water, or the doctor may prescribe an antibacterial mouth wash. You can still brush your teeth and floss, but be careful not to let a toothbrush touch any areas of gum tissue that have just been treated.


The doctor will send you home with detailed instructions and what symptoms to watch for that may signal an infection. Generally speaking, it is advisable to restrict physical activity for a day or so. Most patients do well after cosmetic gum surgery and can expect a quick recovery.